DIY House Painting [Infographic]
Step by Step Guide to Do It Yourself Painting
DIY painting is not an easy task, but if you are up for the challenge nothing could be more fun. As with most DIY projects, planning and preparation are the keys to success.
Before you start
- Quality of the walls: Thoroughly check on the condition of the walls – pay attention to the peeling paint, stains and the original colour of the wall. If they are in bad shape you may need to sand them back.
- Colours: The amount of light available in a place can make or break the colour scheme. So choose wisely. You can ask your local paint supplier for colour recommendations.
- Paint Finish: Choose between gloss, flat, matte or eggshell depending on what the room is used for. It is easier to clean off stains from glossy surfaces.
- Oil or Latex Paints: Oil paints produce fumes which some people cannot stand, so you need check which one is convenient for you.
Tools You’ll Need
- Rollers and roller trays
- Brushes (regular and angled)
- Ladder of the required height
- Paint mixers
- Straight edge tool
- Buckets for mixing paints
Materials You’ll Need
- Paints (of desired colour and finish)
- Caulk for filling gaps
- Painter’s tape for protecting surfaces that do not need paint
- Scraper for scraping peeled-off paint
- Sandpaper for smoothening the surface
- Rough cloth to wipe surfaces clean
- Drop sheet for covering the floor
DIY House Painting Infographic
DIY House Painting Steps
Fill the cracks in the wall with caulk. Let it dry for a day.
Scrape off paint that is peeling off and smoothen the surface with sandpaper.
Wipe off the surface with a damp cloth.
Apply painter’s tape to the areas that need to be protected from paint. This tape can be easily pulled off after the painting is over.
Cover the floors with a drop sheet to avoid paint spilling directly on the floor.
Remove fixtures such as paintings or photo frames, and even switch plates.
Mix the paint with a stirrer before use.
Start by painting the edges using a brush. Always start from the top and work downwards. You can use a straight edge tool while painting at the edges to prevent paint from touching adjacent walls.
Use a roller or a brush to fill inside the edges. The strokes should be long and the overlapping layers of paint should be smoothened out.
Allow the paint to dry before you apply the second coat.
Remove the painter’s tape and place the switch plates as soon as the paint dries.
Clean the brushes and rollers well. For latex paints, use water. Remove excess paint from the brush using water and a paint comb. For oil paints, follow a similar process but instead of using water, use mineral spirits.
Allow good ventilation in the rooms to dry the paint and avoid fumes from setting on the objects.
And you’re done!
- Try never to overload the brush with paint or it will leave blobs of paint on the wall or cause the paint to drip. Too less paint on the brush will not work either. Ideally, dip one-third of the brush in paint, wipe off excess paint from one side, and then apply on the wall.
- Do not dab paint, but use long strokes. The strokes should be in ‘W’ shape or zig-zag pattern covering 3-4 foot area at a time.
- Use extension poles on the brush or roller if the walls are quite high.
- Cover the brush or roller with a plastic sheet to avoid drying when you plan to take a break.
- Use a small angled brush for painting certain areas such as trims and window frames.
- Rollers are to be used for larger surfaces as they can cover more area in less time.
Answers to common queries:
One coat or two? – Minimum two coats is always best. If you are repainting a dark coloured wall (without a light coloured primer) with a light shade, three coats would be best.
Primer or no primer? – It depends on the surface. The primer makes the surface more receptive to the paint and gives a consistent look. Professional painters will generally always use a primer.
Painting your home requires physical effort, where you need to climb ladders, handle paints and tools, and deal with electrical points as well. This calls for some safety measures such as:
- Chalk out an area to keep all the materials as you work so that no one trips over them.
- Keep the paints away from kids.
- Be careful of the electric points from where you have removed the switch plates.
- Clean paint spills from the floor immediately to avoid slipping over.
- Wear protective eye wear while painting areas such as ceilings.
If are looking to save some money and have spare time on your hands, DIY painting is a great choice.
Remember, good preparation is the key to success.